Biblioteca del Alquimista.

En esta sección podrás encontrar libros cuyos derechos de autor están libres ya sea porque son antiguos o porque han sido puestos en publico dominio por el propietario de los derechos de copia. Si conoces algún otro libro en formato electrónico que pueda esta aquí envialo o háznoslo saber. (Nota: Bajo ningún aspecto se colocara ningún material pirata o que viole la ley de propiedad intelectual.

Los silicatos en la industria química y el comercio. Arcillas, cementos, porcelanas, industria del vidrio, y otros temas. En ingles, 1920, 470 pg. en formato PDF. Ver aquí.

Producción de ozono por efecto corona. En ingles, 28 Paginas, año 2004. Ver aquí

Ozono y su Producción electroquimica. En ingles 1920, 204 pg en formatato PDF. Ver aquí.

MANUAL TECNICO DE PEGADO. Un completo manual sobre las técnicas de pegado donde se analizan los diferentes tipos de pegamento y sus propiedades. 76 páginas en formato PDF en español. Ver aquí.

Manual de Soldadura del Acero Inoxidable.

Parte I - Para el Soldador
Parte II - Para el Ingeniero de Materiales
Parte III - Para el Ingeniero de Diseño

Manual Fundamental de quimica. Documento de libre difusión creado por el Departamento de Energía del gobierno de los EEUU.

ABSTRACT The Chemistry Handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors in providing operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of chemistry. The handbook includes information on the atomic structure of matter; chemical bonding; chemical equations; chemical interactions involved with corrosion processes; water chemistry control, including the principles of water treatment; the hazards of chemicals and gases, and basic gaseous diffusion processes. This information will provide personnel with a foundation for understanding the chemical properties of materials and the way these properties can impose limitations on the operation of equipment and systems. Volumen 1 de 2. Volumen 2 de 2.

Como diseñar, construir y probar pequeños motores de combustible liquido de cohetes. Leroy J. Krzycki's book "HOW to DESIGN, BUILD and TEST SMALL LIQUID-FUEL ROCKET ENGINES" . Un excelente libro imprescindible para aquel que sueña con poner un ratón en órbita. Ver aqui.
  

INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL. The handbook includes information on temperature, pressure, flow, and level detection systems; position indication systems; process control systems; and radiation detection principles. This information will provide personnel with an understanding of the basic operation of various types of DOE nuclear facility instrumentation and control systems. Volumen 1 de 2 Volumen 2 de 2.

THERMODYNAMICS, HEAT TRANSFER, AND FLUID FLOW. The handbook includes information on thermodynamics and the properties of fluids; the three modes of heat transfer - conduction, convection, and radiation; and fluid flow, and the energy relationships in fluid systems. This information will provide personnel with a foundation for understanding the basic operation of various types of DOE nuclear facility fluid systems. Volumen 1 de 3 Volumen 2 de 3 Volumen 3 de 3

NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND REACTOR THEORY. The handbook includes information on atomic and nuclear physics; neutron characteristics; reactor theory and nuclear parameters; and the theory of reactor operation. This information will provide personnel with a foundation for understanding the scientific principles that are associated with various DOE nuclear facility operations and maintenance. Volumen 1 de 2 Volumen 2 de 2

 

Diffraction Grating Handbook. Una de las obras de referencia más importantes y empleadas sobre espectroscopia y en especial sobre redes de difracción. (en inglés). Descargar.

Fuel Cell Handbook. Manual de celdas de combustible. Documento editado por el Departamento de Energía de USA, de mas de 350, sobre todo tipo de baterías y celdas de combustible para la generación de energía eléctrica. Muy completo y de alto nivel. En ingles y en formato PDF. (Ver)





CERN Accelerator School: Vacuum Technology.

Excelente colección de libros sobre técnicas de vacío. La mayoría tienen un nivel bastante alto. Están en inglés y en formato PDF.

Introduction to the principles of vacuum physics (Ver PDF)
Introduction - definition, history and applications of vacuum. Conversion factors for pressure and pressure ranges of vacuum, vacuum gauges and pumps. Composition of air
Ideal and real gases. Kinetic theory of gases. Thermal conductivity and energy transport. Gas flow. Gas load and ultimate pressure. Conclusion

Mechanical pumps (Ver PDF)
Introduction. Mechanical pumps. Sorbtion pumps. Momentum transfer pumps. Pump characteristics. Layout of a roughing station. Conclusion

Sputter-ion pumps (Ver PDF)
Introduction. Pumping mechanism. Operating principles. Pressure range. Special design for integrated linear pumps. Operational aspects. Conclusions

Molecular surface pumping: the getter pumps (Ver PDF)
Generalities. Evaporable getters. Non-evaporable getters (NEG). Thin-film getter coatings

Molecular surface pumping: cryopumping (Ver PDF)
Generalities. Cryogenic considerations. Cryosorption pumps. Condensation cryopumps. The hydrogen "anomaly"

Pressure measurement - total pressures (Ver PDF)
Gauges using force effects for pressure measurement. Gauges using the hydrostatic pressure of mercury or other non-volatile liquids. Modulation gauge. Gauges using the viscosity of a gas for pressure measurement. Gauges using the pressure dependence of the specific heat conductivity of the gas. Radiometer-effect gauges. Gauges using the interaction between electrons and gas particles. Survey of the operational ranges of vacuum gauges

Pressure measurement with ionization gauges (Ver PDF)
Introduction. Brief historical review. The design of today's most common ionization gauges. Problems in using ionization gauges. Ionization gauge calibration. Ionization gauge calibration methods

Partial pressure measurement (Ver PDF)
Introduction. The quadrupole mass filter. The design of practical quadrupole filters. The four operating zones for the quadrupole filter

Physics of outgassing (Ver PDF)
Introduction. Permeation of gases through matter. Diffusion from a semi-infinite wall. Diffusion from a finite wall. Vapour pressure. Adsorption

Thermal outgassing (Ver PDF)
Introduction. Pump-down behaviour and desorption. Vacuum systems after bake-out and out-diffusion. Pre-bake-outs to reduce outgassing. Outgassing-rate measurement methods and the problem of reabsorption. Conclusion

Dynamic outgassing (Ver PDF)
Synchrotron radiation induced desorption. Ion-induced desorption. Conclusions

Cleaning for vacuum service (Ver PDF)
Introduction. Choosing a cleaning process. Dependence of the base pressure required. Dependence on contaminants. How construction affects cleaning. Chemical cleaning agents. Chemical cleaning of specific materials. Physical cleaning techniques. Passivation. Special cleaning techniques. Safety. Cost. How do we know a surface is clean?. Surface analytical techniques. Phenomenological methods. Recontamination. Summary

Beam-residual gas interactions (Ver PDF)
Introduction. The concepts of cross sections and lifetimes. The interaction between charged particles and residual-gas atoms. Local versus average pressure. Conclusions .

Ion trapping, clearing, beam-ion interactions (Ver PDF)
Introduction. Neutralisation of a beam: a simple description. The ionisation process. The ion or electron motion. A few examples of ion or electron motion
(Ver PDF)
Bunched beams. Clearing means. The limit of accumulation. The effects of neutralisation. Diagnostics and phenomenology

Leak detection (Ver PDF)
Introduction. Methods. Helium lead detectors. Practical cases. Conclusion

Extreme high vacuum (Ver PDF)
Introduction. General considerations. Pumps for XHV. Pressure measurement at XHV. Leak detection. Reduction of outgassing. Conclusions

Vacuum control and operation ((Ver PDF)
Vacuum control. Interlocks. Vacuum operation

E. Huttel
Materials for accelerator vacuum systems
(Ver PDF)
Introduction. Physical restrictions. Selected materials. Bonding. Corrosion

Engineering (Ver PDF)
Design principles of a UHV system and its building blocks. Typical building blocks in a UHV system. Joining methods. Combined action of flanges, gaskets and bolts. Brazing and brazing preparations. Welding and weld preparation. Valves. Expansion bellows. Bakeable vacuum systems

The best laid schemes (Ver PDF)
Introduction. Recommendations. References for further information

Designing accelerator vacuum systems (Ver PDF)
Introduction. The physical and technical basis for the specifications of accelerator vacuum systems. The design of vacuum systems. Conclusions

History of vacuum devices (Ver PDF)
Introduction. Vacuum for fun and science, the first two centuries, 1650 to 1850. Vacuum for science, the great leap forward, 1850 to 1900. Vacuum for industry, 1900 to 1950

LHC vacuum system (Ver PDF)
Introduction. The vacuum system. Primary desorption by synchtron radiation. Vapour pressure and recycling of physisorbed gas. Dynamic model for H2. Ion stimulated desorption and pressure instability. Bean-induced electron multipacting. Mechanical design aspects. Summary

Vacuum systems of electron storage rings (Ver PDF)
Introduction. Synchrotron radiation aspects in electron storage rings. Linear power density. Thermal- and photon-induced desorption. Pumping scheme & pressure distribution. Single-particle loss mechanisms. Implicit requirements for the vacuum system. Accelerator vacuum systems in routine operation. Conclusion

Quality issues in vacuum (Ver PDF)
What is "quality"?. Quality systems. Vacuum system quality. Specification of a vacuum system. Vacuum system performance and its measurement. Real-world vacuum gauging. Summary





Principles of Charged Particle Acceleration. Magnifico libro ( en ingles) aditado por la Universidad de Nuevo Mexico y con la colaboracion del Acelerator Tecnology Division de Los Alamos National Lboratory.


Primera parte. Ver PDF.

1. Introduction

2. Particle Dynamics 2.1. Charged Particle Properties 2.2. Newton's Laws of Motion 2.3. Kinetic Energy 2.4. Galilean Transformations 2.5. Postulates of Relativity 2.6. Time Dilation 2.7. Lorentz Contraction 2.8. Lorentz Transformations 2.9. Relativistic Formulas 2.10. Non-relativistic Approximation for Transverse Motion

3. Electric and Magnetic Forces 3.1. Forces between Charges and Currents 3.2. The Field Description and the Lorentz Force 3.3. The Maxwell Equations 3.4. Electrostatic and Vector Potentials 3.5. Inductive Voltage and Displacement Current 3.6. Relativistic Particle Motion in Cylindrical Coordinates 3.7. Motion of Charged Particles in a Uniform Magnetic Field

4. Steady-State Electric and Magnetic Fields 4.1. Static Field Equations with No Sources 4.2. Numerical Solutions to the Laplace Equation 4.3. Analog Met hods to Solve the Laplace Equation 4.4. Electrostatic Quadrupole Field 4.5. Static Electric Fields with Space Charge 4.6. Magnetic Fields in Simple Geometries 4.7. Magnetic Potentials

5. Modification of Electric and Magnetic Fields by Materials 5.1. Dielectrics 5.2. Boundary Conditions at Dielectric Surfaces 5.3. Ferromagnetic Materials 5.4. Static Hysteresis Curve for Ferromagnetic Materials 5.5. Magnetic Poles 5.6. Energy Density of Electric and Magnetic Fields 5.7. Magnetic Circuits 5.8. Permanent Magnet Circuits

Segunda parte. Ver PDF

6. Electric and Magnetic Field Lenses 6.1. Transverse Beam Control 6.2. Paraxial Approximation for Electric and Magnetic Fields 6.3. Focusing Properties of Linear Fields 6.4. Lens Properties 6.5. Electrostatic Aperture Lens 6.6. Electrostatic Immersion Lens 6.7. Solenoidal Magnetic Lens 6.8. Magnetic Sector Lens 6.9. Edge Focusing 6.10. Magnetic Quadrupole Lens

7. Calculation of Particle Orbits in Focusing Fields 7.1. Transverse Orbits in a Continuous Linear Focusing Force 7.2. Acceptance and P of a Focusing Channel 7.3. Betatron Oscillations 7.4. Azimuthal Motion of Particles in Cylindrical Beams 7.5. The Paraxial Ray Equation 7.6. Numerical Solutions of Particle Orbits

8. Transfer Matrices and Periodic Focusing Systems 8.1. Transfer Matrix of the Quadrupole Lens 8.2. Transfer Matrices for Common Optical Elements 8.3. Combining Optical Elements 8.4. Quadrupole Doublet and Triplet Lenses 8.5. Focusing in a Thin-Lens Array 8.6. Raising a Matrix to a Power 8.7. Quadrupole Focusing Channels

Tercera parte. Ver PDF.

9. Electrostatic Accelerators and Pulsed High Voltage 9.1. Resistors, Capacitors, and Inductors 9.2. High-Voltage Supplies 9.3. Insulation 9.4. Van de Graaff Accelerator 9.5. Vacuum Breakdown 9.6. LRC Circuits 9.7. Impulse Generators 9.8. Transmission Line Equations in the Time Domain 9.9. Transmission Lines as Pulsed Power Modulators 9.10. Series Transmission Line Circuits 9.11. Pulse-Forming Networks 9.12. Pulsed Power Compression 9.13. Pulsed Power Switching by Saturable Core Inductors 9.14. Diagnostics for Pulsed Voltages and Current

10. Linear Induction Accelerators 10.1. Simple Induction Cavity 10.2. Time-Dependent Response of Ferromagnetic Materials 10.3. Voltage Multiplication Geometries 10.4. Core Saturation and Flux Forcing 10.5. Core Reset and Compensation Circuits 10.6. Induction Cavity Design: Field Stress and Average Gradient 10.7. Coreless Induction Accelerators

Cuarta parte. Ver PDF

11. Betatrons 11.1. Principles of the Betatron 11.2. Equilibrium of the Main Betatron Orbit 11.3. Motion of the Instantaneous Circle 11.4. Reversible Compression of Transverse Particle Orbits 11.5. Betatron Oscillations 11.6. Electron Injection and Extraction 11.7. Betatron Magnets and Acceleration Cycles

12. Resonant Cavities and Waveguides 12.1. Complex Exponential Notation and Impedance 12.2. Lumped Circuit Element Analogy for a Resonant Cavity 12.3. Resonant Modes of a Cylindrical Cavity 12.4. Properties of the Cylindrical Resonant Cavity 12.5. Power Exchange with Resonant Cavities 12.6. Transmission Lines in the Frequency Domain 12.7. Transmission Line Treatment of the Resonant Cavity 12.8. Waveguides 12.9. Slow-Wave Structures 12.10. Dispersion Relationship for the Iris-Loaded Waveguide

13. Phase Dynamics 13.1. Synchronous Particles and Phase Stability 13.2. The Phase Equations 13.3. Approximate Solution to the Phase Equations 13.4. Compression of Phase Oscillations 13.5. Longitudinal Dynamics of Ions in a Linear Induction Accelerator 13.6. Phase Dynamics of Relativistic Particles

Quinta Parte. Ver PDF

14. Radio-Frequency Linear Accelerators 14.1. Electron Linear Accelerators 14.2. Linear Ion Accelerator Configurations 14.3. Coupled Cavity Linear Accelerators 14.4. Transit-Time Factor, Gap Coefficient and Radial Defocusing 14.5. Vacuum Breakdown in rf Accelerators 14.6. Radio-Frequency Quadrupole 14.7. Racetrack Microtron

15. Cyclotrons and Synchrotrons 15.1. Principles of the Uniform-Field Cyclotron 15.2. Longitudinal Dynamics of the Uniform-Field Cyclotron 15.3. Focusing by Azimuthally Varying Fields (AVF) 15.4. The Synchrocyclotron and the AVF Cyclotron 15.5. Principles of the Synchrotron 15.6. Longitudinal Dynamics of Synchrotrons 15.7. Strong Focusing

Bibliography